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Archaeology

Analysis of fish remains from the Krause Site (47LC41) in La Crosse County, WI / Turriff, Emily. 2009.

During the 2000 excavations at the Krause site (47LC41) in Onalaska, WI, archaeologists from the University of Wisconsin--La Crosse and the Mississippi Valley Archaeology Center (MVAC) uncovered an earth oven feature. Oneota features are common regionally, but this feature (number 275) is different from other Oneota features. Most Oneota features in the La Crosse area are garbage or storage pits and can only offer a secondary context. Feature 275 is a stone-lined earth oven where the contents are believed to be in their primary context. Feature 275 is also unusual because of twenty different zones that appear to be separate areas of activity and use. The analysis of fish remains in this feature offers unique insights into the diet and subsistence of the Oneota people who were a pre-European agricultural society.

An Archaeological Analysis To Determine Seasonality At The Cade 9 Site In Vernon County, Wisconsin / Borland, Kaitlyn.

UW - La Crosse Student paper appearing in the Journal of Undergraduate Research.

Archaeological Survey of Timber Coulee / Ryan Letterly

UW - La Crosse Student paper appearing in the Journal of Undergraduate Research volume 1, 1998.

A Checklist of La Crosse Hotels and Motels, 1840's-1967 / Compiled by Virginia Kreyer, Carolyn Nelson, Donna Rummpe, Edwin Hill, General Editor.

A comparative study of the Swennes woven nettle bag and weaving techniques / Karoll, Amy B., 2009

During recent years, the Mississippi Valley Archaeology Center (MVAC) has acquired permission to look at a beautifully preserved bag from 47Lc84, a rockshelter located in La Crosse County, Wisconsin. The bag is tentatively dated to the Oneota cultural tradition (A.D. 1250-1650) based on pottery sherds associated with it. Nothing of its kind has been found archaeologically in this region before, owing mostly to poor preservation conditions. Due to its uniqueness, there is nothing to compare it to within the Oneota tradition. Therefore, to gain a better understanding of this bag, a cross-cultural study was undertaken. This paper examines separate sites in the American Midwest, as well as textile impressions that are preserved on pottery, the ethnohistoric and early historic record, and modern hand-weaving techniques to determine the textile tradition from which the bag may have emerged as well as how it was constructed.

Late prehistoric bone marrow extraction : a case study in western Wisconsin / Pfaffenroth, Jake, 2009

The Swennes Upper Garden Terrace site (47Lc333) in La Crosse County, Wisconsin has been the location of multiple excavations by the Mississippi Valley Archaeology Center at the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse since 1995. Of the many late prehistoric Oneota pit-features discovered at the site, Feature 30 was found to contain several hundred white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) bone fragments. These bones displayed characteristics indicating they had been systematically fractured in the production of "bone grease." Bone grease is obtained by boiling the fatty bone marrow out of the cancellous tissue of bones and is high in nutrients. Its production and use is documented ethnographically and archaeologically in various regions and climates. This paper examines the bone fragments from Feature 30 through quantitative analysis and the use of ethnographic, archaeological, and experimental literature, with the goal of interpreting the human processes resulting in their deposition within the feature.

The Midway Village Site: an Intra-site Analysis / by Guy Edward Gibbon, 1966.

UW-Madison master's thesis.  It is the purpose of this thesis to investigate climatic change, the evidence for which is found primarily in an archaeological context.

Oneota Food Storage Technology – Experiment in Pit Storage of Maize / Dain Marintek.

UW - La Crosse Student paper appearing in the Journal of Undergraduate Research volume 1, 1998.

Oneota subsistence-related behavior in the Driftless Area : a study of the Valley View Site near La Crosse, Wisconsin / Stevenson, Katherine, 1985

A doctoral thesis from UW Madison.  "This study focuses on Oneota subsistence behavior, and related aspects of social and settlement behavior, in the Driftless Area of western Wisconsin." Appendices

Phase II Investigations at 47 LC 480, The Skemp Site / Dillon Carr

UW-La Crosse Student paper appearing in the Journal of Undergraduate Research volume 4, 2001.

The Pictured Cave of La Crosse Valley, Near West Salem, Wisconsin / Rev. Edward Brown, 1879.

This short article, published in Wisconsin Historical Collections VIII in 1879, describes a cave with Indian pictographs discovered in 1878 in La Crosse County and contains reproductions and explanations of the drawings.

Prehistoric Ceramic Production: Raw Materials and Firing Methods of the La Crosse locality Oneota/Mary Carter

UW-La Crosse Student paper appearing in the Journal of Undergraduate Research volume 5, 2002.

Sourcing of an Unidentified Chert from Western Wisconsin Paleo-Indian Assemblages / Eric Bailey

UW-La Crosse Student paper appearing in the Journal of Undergraduate Research volume 5, 2002.

A Summary of a Geoarchaeological Perspective on the Archaeological Potential of the Lower La Crosse River Valley by Robert F. Boszhardt and Dean G. Wilder (La Crosse, WI : University of Wisconsin-La Crosse), 1989.

A summary of archaeological excavations and potential archaeological sites in the lower La Crosse River Valley are described by Mississippi Valley Archaeologist Center's archaeologists prepared for the La Crosse River Valley Study Committee. The study follows the La Crosse River beginning in the town of Medary, La Crosse County, to the mouth at the city of La Crosse.

Statistic and Visual Patterns within Oneota Pottery / Rachel Marie Jirasek

UW-La Crosse Student paper appearing in the Journal of Undergraduate Research volume 5, 2002.

Using Ground Conductivity as a Geophysical Survey Technique to Locate Potential Archaeological Sites in the Bad Axe River Valley of Western Wisconsin / Beauchaine, Anthony J. & Werdemann, Elizabeth, 2006

UW-La Crosse Student paper appearing in the Journal of Undergraduate Research volume 9, 2006. The Cade Archaeological District located in the drainage basin of the North Fork of the Bad Axe River of Western Wisconsin has 17 recorded prehistoric sites. These sites include both habitation sites and effigy mounds. The goal of this research was to try to locate any significant archaeological formations by using an Electromagnetic (EM) ground conductivity meter.

Woodland occupation of the Lower Sand Lake Site (47Lc45-1), La Crosse, Wisconsin / Heier, Robin, 2009.

The Lower Sand Lake Site (47Lc45) was first excavated in 1984 by archaeologists from the Mississippi Valley Archaeology Center (MVAC) with additional excavations during the 2008 field season, by MVAC archaeologists and students from University of Wisconsin, La Crosse. The Lower Sand Lake is a multicomponent prehistoric site located on a ridge and swale along County Trunk Highway S in La Crosse County, Wisconsin. Recovered artifacts included thousands of pieces of Woodland grit-tempered pottery. For this project I am identifying the ceramic types to illustrate a local sequence of Woodland occupations from Early through the Late Woodland, with an analytical emphasis on ceramics from the Late Woodland period. In addition, I discuss the evidence for interaction between the Late Woodland and Mississippian periods, based on the types of ceramics identified and their distribution across the site.

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Welcome to La Crosse History Unbound. Learn more about La Crosse County, history through these digitized collections from La Crosse Public Library and Murphy Library, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse.