Oneota Indians (Great Plains) -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse County -- Antiquities
White-tailed deer -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse County
Animal remains (Archaeology) -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse County
Jake Pfaffenroth
The Swennes Upper Garden Terrace site (47Lc333) in La Crosse County, Wisconsin has been the location of multiple excavations by the Mississippi Valley Archaeology Center at the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse since 1995. Of the many late prehistoric Oneota pit-features discovered at the site, Feature 30 was found to contain several hundred white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) bone fragments. These bones displayed characteristics indicating they had been systematically fractured in the production of "bone grease." Bone grease is obtained by boiling the fatty bone marrow out of the cancellous tissue of bones and is high in nutrients. Its production and use is documented ethnographically and archaeologically in various regions and climates. This paper examines the bone fragments from Feature 30 through quantitative analysis and the use of ethnographic, archaeological, and experimental literature, with the goal of interpreting the human processes resulting in their deposition within the feature.
Wisconsin Historical Society
Edward Brown
Part of the Wisconsin Historical Collections, volume VIII (1879)
"The Pictured Cave of LaCrosse Valley, near West Salem, Wisconsin" by Rev. Edward Brown, describes how the cave was discovered, and then how it was excavated and the artifacts removed. The remainder of the article describes and illustrates sixteen figures found on the cave walls, interpreting some of the animals (rabbits, bison, lynx, herons, hippopotamus, badger), humans, and stories. (10 pages)
Goosetown (La Crosse, Wis.)
Architecture, Domestic--Wisconsin--La Crosse
Historic preservation--Wisconsin--La Crosse
Lindsay Marshall
Goosetown Neighborhood is one of the oldest working class neighborhoods in La Crosse, Wisconsin. Archaeological investigations into La Crosse's past have revealed a long and interesting history. During a redevelopment project in the 1980s, a Phase I investigation on the Jacobus house located at 608 North Sixth Street was conducted. By looking through the information in 47-LC-13, and comparing it against the procedures which took place in saving an 1858 Greek Revival house previously located at 422 North Eighth Street, information can be gained about the similarities and differences of architecture within the neighborhood, as well as the development of cultural resource management and historic preservation practices within the city.
Lower Sand Lake Site (Wis.)
Woodland Indians--Wisconsin--La Crosse County -- Antiquities
Pottery, Prehistoric--Wisconsin--La Crosse County
Excavations (Archaeology)--Wisconsin--La Crosse County
Robin Heier
The Lower Sand Lake Site (47Lc45) was first excavated in 1984 by archaeologists from the Mississippi Valley Archaeology Center (MVAC) with additional excavations during the 2008 field season, by MVAC archaeologists and students from University of Wisconsin, La Crosse. The Lower Sand Lake is a multicomponent prehistoric site located on a ridge and swale along County Trunk Highway S in La Crosse County, Wisconsin. Recovered artifacts included thousands of pieces of Woodland grit-tempered pottery. For this project I am identifying the ceramic types to illustrate a local sequence of Woodland occupations from Early through the Late Woodland, with an analytical emphasis on ceramics from the Late Woodland period. In addition, I discuss the evidence for interaction between the Late Woodland and Mississippian periods, based on the types of ceramics identified and their distribution across the site.