LA CROSSE HISTORY
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THE LA CROSSE AREA'S HISTORY, DIGITIZED

Indigenous Peoples


Resources

—Indigenous Peoples—


Author:
Mississippi Valley Archaeology Center at the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse
Subject:
La Crosse (Wis.)--Antiquities
Wisconsin--Antiquities
Archaeological surveying--Wisconsin
La Crosse River Valley--Antiquities
Untied States
Wisconsin
La Crosse
Creator:
Robert F. Boszhardt
Dean G. (Dean Gordon) Wilder 1947-
Description:
forms part of the La Crosse River Valley Study
ocm21074367
Author:
U. S. West Research
Subject:
La Crosse River (Monroe County-La Crosse County, Wis.)--History
Rivers--Wisconsin--History
Wetlands--Wisconsin--La Crosse--History
United States
Wisconsin
La Crosse
Creator:
Anthony Godfrey
Description:
forms part of the La Crosse River Valley Study a cultural history of the lower La Crosse River Valley marsh at La Crosse including landscape conditions and developments, transportation developments, industrial and commercial developments, agricultural activities and the like; grouped into three geographic areas of the river
ocm21224498
Author:
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Subject:
Indians of North America -- Wisconsin
La Crosse County (Wis.) -- Antiquities
Mississippi River Valley -- Antiquities
Creator:
Gibon, Guy E.
Description:
A master's thesis in anthropology by Guy Edward Gibbon, 1966
Author:
University of Wisconsin-La Crosse
Subject:
University of Wisconsin-La Crosse -- Students -- Research -- Periodicals
College students -- Research -- United States -- Periodicals
Archaeology
Journals
Sociology
Creator:
Martinek, Dain
Description:
Little is known about the food storage technology of the late prehistoric Oneota societies (AD 1000 to AD 1650 ) of the Upper Midwest. Aspects of Oneota storage pit forms, as found on archaeological sites in the Upper Mississippi Valley, indicate that they may have been similar to those used by some Plains agricultural peoples in early historic times, such as the Hidatsa of the Upper Missouri River Valley. This project, conducted during the winters of 1996-97 and 1997-98, tested four experimental maize (corn) storage pits, constructed according to ethnographically reported methods. Results indicate that this method of storage works very well, during a typical midwestern winter, and also during a winter that was unusually warm. Upon opening these storage pits most of the corn was found to be in good condition, with little evidence of mold, and with no signs of insect or rodent infestation. Germination tests indicated that up to 99% of the seed in some samples remained viable. Study of experimental storage pits will help to interpret the significance of pit features found in archaeological sites, such as the seasonality and length of occupation at a site, and the relationship between numbers of pits and population size.
Published as part of the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse Journal of Undergraduate Research, Volume 1 (1998)
Author:
University of Wisconsin-La Crosse Oral History Program
Subject:
Ragland, Geneva F. -- Interviews
Oral history
Oral history -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
Interviews -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
La Crosse (Wis.) -- History
La Crosse (Wis.) -- Social life and customs
Description:
Topics discussed include the following: Paternal grandfathers' land in Baraboo WI -- Paternal grandfather moves to La Crosse, 1867 -- Paternal grandfather's log riding business, La Crosse -- Native Americans in the La Crosse area, 1870 -- Paternal grandfather's multiple properties -- Paternal grandmother -- Paternal grandfather establishes first La Crosse baseball team -- Personality of paternal grandfather -- Relationship with the Hixon family -- Birth of father, 1858 -- Family's horse racing business -- Hixon family education -- Father's youth -- Mother's family -- Mother's personality -- Relationship with parents -- Becoming a teacher after high school.
00:01:40- Paternal grandfathers' land in Baraboo WI
00:10:00- Paternal grandfather moves to La Crosse, 1867
00:12:03- Paternal grandfather's log riding business, La Crosse
00:14:15-Native Americans in the La Crosse area, 1870
00:19:28- Paternal grandfather's multiple properties
00:22:51-Paternal grandmother
00:24:25-Paternal grandfather establishes first La Crosse baseball team
00:26:55- Personality of paternal grandfather
00:28:40- Relationship with the Hixon family
00:29:49-Birth of father, 1858
00:31:10-Family's horse racing business
00:36:35-Hixon family education
00:39:35-Father's youth
00:46:00-Mother's family
00:51:19- Mother's personality
00:55:10- Relationship with parents
00:56:30-Becoming a teacher after high school
Tape 1 of 2.
Author:
University of Wisconsin-La Crosse Oral History Program
Subject:
Haraldson, John -- Interviews
Oral history
Oral history -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
Interviews -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
La Crosse (Wis.) -- History
Norwegian Americans -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
Shoe industry -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
Retail trade -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
Clubs -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse -- History
Westby (Wis.) -- Social life and customs
La Crosse (Wis.) -- Social life and customs
Description:
Tape 1 of 2. 00:00:40 -- Family history, immigration from Norway
00:01:20 -- Saw mills, family occupation
00:04:00 -- Railways, Coon Valley, 1900s
00:07:00 -- Ford Motor Company, Coon Valley
00:8:45 -- Postal worker, 1910s
00:11:00 -- Earliest memories, La Crosse
00:12:45 -- Father's occupation, blacksmith
00:13:30 -- Reasons for immigration to the U.S., family in La Crosse
00:16:15 -- Family income and standard of living
00:18:00 -- Boyhood, La Crosse
00:20:45 -- Popular attractions, La Crosse
00:25:15 -- The Great Depression, local strain
00:28:30 -- Recreation activities, steamboat river rides and dances
00:31:10 -- La Crosse fair
00:32:15 -- Grade school
00:33:50 -- Farm technologies, horse and buggy, outhouses
00:36:20 -- Newspaper delivery, press industry
00:37:45 -- Memorable teachers
00:41:45 -- Business college vs. public schooling
00:43:45 -- La Crosse Tribune, postmaster
00:47:30 -- Quality of education, Tomah business college
00:53:00 -- Progressive ideals, business college
00:54:00 -- Circus acts, La Crosse
00:57:15 -- Segregation, Native Americans
**00:56:30 to 00:58:45 bad audio quality
Author:
University of Wisconsin-La Crosse Oral History Program
Subject:
Haraldson, John -- Interviews
Oral history
Oral history -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
Interviews -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
La Crosse (Wis.) -- History
Norwegian Americans -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
Shoe industry -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
Retail trade -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
Clubs -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse -- History
Westby (Wis.) -- Social life and customs
La Crosse (Wis.) -- Social life and customs
Description:
Tape 2 of 2.
00:04:34 -- Haraldson's store catches fire
00:07:14 -- Comparing Norway to United States
00:11:42 -- Personal life and family
Author:
University of Wisconsin-La Crosse Oral History Program
Subject:
Gilbertson, John P. -- Interviews
Oral history
Oral history -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
Interviews -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
La Crosse (Wis.) -- History
Postal service -- Employees
Postal service -- History
Letter carriers -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
Postmasters -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
Recreation -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
La Crosse (Wis.) -- Social life and customs
Description:
Tape 1 of 4. 00:00:40 -- Family history, immigration from Norway
00:01:20 -- Saw mills, family occupation
00:04:00 -- Railways, Coon Valley, 1900s
00:07:00 -- Ford Motor Company, Coon Valley
00:8:45 -- Postal worker, 1910s
00:11:00 -- Earliest memories, La Crosse
00:12:45 -- Father's occupation, blacksmith
00:13:30 -- Reasons for immigration to the U.S., family in La Crosse
00:16:15 -- Family income and standard of living
00:18:00 -- Boyhood, La Crosse
00:20:45 -- Popular attractions, La Crosse
00:25:15 -- The Great Depression, local strain
00:28:30 -- Recreation activities, steamboat river rides and dances
00:31:10 -- La Crosse fair
00:32:15 -- Grade school
00:33:50 -- Farm technologies, horse and buggy, outhouses
00:36:20 -- Newspaper delivery, press industry
00:37:45 -- Memorable teachers
00:41:45 -- Business college vs. public schooling
00:43:45 -- La Crosse Tribune, postmaster
00:47:30 -- Quality of education, Tomah business college
00:53:00 -- Progressive ideals, business college
00:54:00 -- Circus acts, La Crosse
00:57:15 -- Segregation, Native Americans
**00:56:30 to 00:58:45 bad audio quality
Author:
University of Wisconsin-La Crosse Oral History Program
Subject:
Gilbertson, John P. -- Interviews
Oral history
Oral history -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
Interviews -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
La Crosse (Wis.) -- History
Postal service -- Employees
Postal service -- History
Letter carriers -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
Postmasters -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
Recreation -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
La Crosse (Wis.) -- Social life and customs
Description:
Tape 2 of 4.
00:00:30 -- Barley Brewery
00:02:20 -- Community disrespect of Native Americans
00:05:45 -- Family farm, Retreat, WI, 1909
00:08:00 -- Community diversity, La Crosse
00:11:30 -- Local opinions of race
00:14:30 -- Interracial marriage
00:18:15 -- River and lumber industry, crime associations
00:19:20 -- Goosetown, criminal reputation
00:20:30 -- Police and courts system, La Crosse
00:23:50 -- "Body houses", wine rooms
00:25:25 -- Gambling houses
00:30:35 -- City gambling policies
00:32:30 -- Anti-German sentiments, World War One, 1914-1918
00:40:00 -- Local business owners; saw mills, breweries, electrical, etc.
Author:
University of Wisconsin-La Crosse Oral History Program
Subject:
Gilbertson, John P. -- Interviews
Oral history
Oral history -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
Interviews -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
La Crosse (Wis.) -- History
Postal service -- Employees
Postal service -- History
Letter carriers -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
Postmasters -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
Recreation -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
La Crosse (Wis.) -- Social life and customs
Description:
Tape 3 of 4.
00:00:15 -- First automobiles, La Crosse
00:01:50 -- Horse and buggy, restrictions and popularity
00:08:00 -- Local business competitors
00:11:50 -- Presidential influence on local economy, President McKinley to President Theodore Roosevelt
00:13:15 -- Development of University of Wisconsin-La Crosse
00:15:30 -- La Crosse Normal School
00:19:40 -- Horse and buggy racing, West avenue, La Crosse
00:23:00 -- Hoeschler family, drug store and realtor business
00:33:30 -- Post office experiences, interactions with the community members
00:41:15 -- La Crosse Clinic, Dr. Gunderson
00:46:40 -- Smith family, local businesses
00:55:00 -- Postmaster general and political views
Author:
University of Wisconsin-La Crosse Oral History Program
Subject:
Gilbertson, John P. -- Interviews
Oral history
Oral history -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
Interviews -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
La Crosse (Wis.) -- History
Postal service -- Employees
Postal service -- History
Letter carriers -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
Postmasters -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
Recreation -- Wisconsin -- La Crosse
La Crosse (Wis.) -- Social life and customs
Description:
Tape 4 of 4.
00:00:30 -- History of the post office, 1844 to 1971
00:02:15 -- La Crosse Historical Society, 1889
00:05:00 -- Postmaster General, duties and protocol
00:08:20 -- First building in La Crosse, Myrick building, 1842
00:09:00 -- Opinions of privatized post office
00:14:00 -- Post office catalogs, security methods
00:22:00 -- Family occupations, plumbing
00:24:30 -- Community politics, goals of local politicians
00:34:20 -- Advertising at the post office
00:37:45 -- Influential community members
00:39:40 -- Inflation effects, La Crosse
00:41:20 -- City Hall meetings, progressive ideals
00:42:00 -- Presidential visits, Theodore Roosevelt and William Taft
00:43:00 -- Attempted assassination, Theodore Roosevelt
00:47:15 -- The Great Depression, pay cuts, suicides, soup lines
00:51:50 -- Corruption in police force
00:53:20 -- Feelings towards Jewish people and culture
Author:
Wisconsin Historical Society
Creator:
Edward Brown
Description:
Part of the Wisconsin Historical Collections, volume VIII (1879)
"The Pictured Cave of LaCrosse Valley, near West Salem, Wisconsin" by Rev. Edward Brown, describes how the cave was discovered, and then how it was excavated and the artifacts removed. The remainder of the article describes and illustrates sixteen figures found on the cave walls, interpreting some of the animals (rabbits, bison, lynx, herons, hippopotamus, badger), humans, and stories. (10 pages)
Author:
Tucker & Company
Subject:
Nichols, George C., 1824-
Mississippi River -- Navigation -- History
Mississippi River Valley -- History -- 1803-1865
Mississippi River Valley -- History -- 1865-
Creator:
Nichols, George C., 1824-
Description:
This memoir discusses early river travel in the Upper Mississippi Valley. One chapter is titled "Moving the Winnebago Indians" and recounts the details behind the 1848 removal of the Ho-Chunk from the La Crosse area. Nichols was one of the steamboat pilots hired by the U.S. Federal Government to conduct this formal and violent removal of Indigenous Peoples from their ancestral lands.
Author:
University of Wisconsin-La Crosse
Subject:
University of Wisconsin-La Crosse -- Students -- Research -- Periodicals
College students -- Research -- United States -- Periodicals
Journals
Archaeology
Creator:
Bailey, Eric
Description:
A number of Paleo-Indian artifacts found in Western Wisconsin lithic assemblages were observed to be made of an unidentified olive green colored chert. A macroscopic examination of these artifacts, and comparison with known possible sources suggested that the material might be Silurian Chert Type II from the Door Pennisula in eastern Wisconsin. Attributed analysis and comparison with lithic debris found at sites in that area supports this hypothesis.
Published as part of the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse Journal of Undergraduate Research, Volume 5 (2002)
Author:
Wisconsin Public Television
Subject:
La Crosse (Wis.)--History
Creator:
David Hestad
Carol Larson
Wisconsin Public Television
Wisconsin Historical Society
Description:
Wisconsin Hometown Stories: La Crosse is a movie available in streaming video and transcript that follows the evolution of the city at the junction of the Mississippi, Black and La Crosse Rivers from its earliest days to the present. Also available here are links to teacher resources, an interactive map and gallery of the 1867 birdseye view of La Crosse, and a short history of La Crosse written by Michael Goc. This was produced through a partnership of the Wisconsin Public Television and the Wisconsin Historical Society.
Subject:
Lower Sand Lake Site (Wis.)
Woodland Indians--Wisconsin--La Crosse County -- Antiquities
Pottery, Prehistoric--Wisconsin--La Crosse County
Excavations (Archaeology)--Wisconsin--La Crosse County
Creator:
Robin Heier
Description:
The Lower Sand Lake Site (47Lc45) was first excavated in 1984 by archaeologists from the Mississippi Valley Archaeology Center (MVAC) with additional excavations during the 2008 field season, by MVAC archaeologists and students from University of Wisconsin, La Crosse. The Lower Sand Lake is a multicomponent prehistoric site located on a ridge and swale along County Trunk Highway S in La Crosse County, Wisconsin. Recovered artifacts included thousands of pieces of Woodland grit-tempered pottery. For this project I am identifying the ceramic types to illustrate a local sequence of Woodland occupations from Early through the Late Woodland, with an analytical emphasis on ceramics from the Late Woodland period. In addition, I discuss the evidence for interaction between the Late Woodland and Mississippian periods, based on the types of ceramics identified and their distribution across the site.